If you’re planning to beautify your home, there are many types of tile to choose from. Depending on your situation, some types are better than others. Tile flooring is used in many homes because it delivers affordable luxury. A number of different materials are used to make different types of tile.
Some example materials are quartz, terrazzo, metal, stone and clay. You’ll find that each style offers its own unique characteristics. When it comes to home improvements, the two most popular types are natural stone and ceramic.
A Look at Ceramic Tile
Your typical ceramic tile is made out of clay materials that have been quarried, prepared and molded. Some of the common forming methods used for these materials are slush mold, extruded and dry press.
- Dry press involves the use of extreme pressure to press dry material into a mold.
- Extruded ceramic tile is made with damp material extruded into a mold.
- Slush mold involves wet material poured into a mold and hardened at high temps.
Non-Porcelain and Porcelain
If you’re considering purchasing tile for your home improvement project, you’ll come across porcelain and non-porcelain materials. Ceramic tile is classified as being either porcelain or non-porcelain. Traditional ceramic tile isn’t porcelain, and it’s commonly made with brown, red or white clay and other materials.
Porcelain ceramic tile is created with minerals and clay, but it contains 50 percent of white sand or dust, which is known as feldspar. The feldspar is crystal, and it can be found inside of certain rock. It melts into a glass-like material and bonds the other ingredients together.
Non-porcelain and porcelain ceramic tile can be purchased glazed or unglazed. The glazed material will have a high-gloss, semi-gloss or matte finish, which is applied to the surface.
Understanding Tile for Your Home
If you’ve ever walked into a tile showroom, then you probably remember the overwhelming sense of beauty. A number of tile designs can be downright inspiring. The problem that most people have is the seemingly endless list of options and price points.
A lot of people get overwhelmed and end up choosing a plain white subway tile. If you want a make a bold impact on your kitchen, bathroom or other areas of your home, you need to have a good understanding of the different types of tile and how much they cost.
Ceramic Tile for Your Home
The average cost of ceramic tile is between $2 to $7 for every square foot. Ceramic tile is a mixture of water, minerals and clay. Ceramic tiles have been fired at high temperatures. The glazed styles are usually treated with liquid glass coating and fired a second time, which creates a very durable, scratch-resistant surface.
Unglazed ceramic tiles frequently called quarry tiles. Ceramic tile is durable, affordable and can be installed in endless designs and colors. However, it’s not the best choice for high-impact areas, and art tiles can be quite expensive.
Porcelain Tile for Your Home
Another option is porcelain tile, and it can cost between $3 to $7 per square foot. Most people don’t realize that porcelain tile is really just a different type of ceramic tile, which has been fired at a higher temperature.
The end result is that porcelain is denser and less porous than standard ceramic. This type of tile is ideal for backsplashes, walls and floors. It’s very easy to clean and available in countless different styles.
However, it must be set with a special setting material that is designed for non-porous materials, and DIY homeowners almost always purchase the wrong product.
Glass Tiles for Your Home
If you really want to make an impact, consider getting glass tiles for your home, which can cost between $7 and $30 per square foot. Glass is sold as individual tiles or in a mosaic. It’s reflective, colorful and easy to clean.
You should consider using glass tiles for backsplashes and walls. There are also some glass tiles that are rated for use as flooring. However, the only problem is that glass can be quite expensive and difficult to install. Glass tile is not recommended for DIY projects, unless the homeowner is highly skilled.
Another option is cement. You can purchase cement tiles for $9 to $17 per square foot, and they’re handmade with natural materials. Also called Cuban or encaustic tiles, these products almost always feature bold patterns.
They’re resilient, beautiful and great for walls, backsplashes and floors. The only issue is that they can be quite expensive. They’re also much less common; so many professionals might not have a lot of experience working with them.
You can also get some stone tile for your home. It ranges in price from $6 to $15 per square foot, and there are several different options to choose from. Some of the most common options for stone tile are sandstone, onyx, marble, travertine, slate and granite.
To create tiles, these natural stone materials are cut into thin pieces. You’ll find that stone tile is ideal for floors, backsplashes and walls. If you want granite countertops but can’t afford them, consider using granite tiles to achieve the same effect for less money.
The only problem with natural stone tile is that it can be damaged by exposure to acid, pigment and water, and it requires more maintenance than other options. However, it remains one of the top options for homeowners who want to make their home look incredibly luxurious.
These are the major types of tiles. To achieve the best effect, you have to make a judgement call and decide what type is right for your specific application.