What Do Penguins Eat

What Do Penguins Eat

Since they live in some of the most inhospitable places on Earth, it should come as no surprise that most people haven’t come face to face with a penguin. They live in extremely cold environments, so it’s easy to see why they can get very hungry.

These gorgeous little birds like to eat kill, which is a type of crustacean that resembles a shrimp. Penguins also enjoy eating various types of fish and squids. However, some species prefer other types of food.

Many of the smaller penguin species live in Antarctica, so they eat mostly squids and krill. Some of the species that live further north prefer to eat more fish.

The Adelie penguins eat large amounts of small krill, but chinstraps like to forage for larger krill. The king and emperor penguins eat a diet that consists mostly of squids and different types of fish. The amount of food consumed by a penguin depends on the amount of food present in his natural environment.

Emperor Penguins

These birds are some of the coolest that you can find on the planet. They’re able to survive and breed in some of the worst weather conditions on the planet. Since they’re master divers, they’re able to forage at depths of 150 to 250 meters.

A typical dive for food might last between three to six minutes. Emperor penguins eat a diet consisting of mostly crustaceans, squid and krill. The most important food source for these guys is fish.

The silverfish accounts for the bulk of this animal’s diet, but he might also consume hooked and glacial squid. If you ever want to see these animals, you can pay them a visit at the glaciers of Antarctica.

Adelie Penguins

The name of these birds would make you think they have something to do with the singer, Adele, but in reality, they have nothing to do with her. Adelie penguins, like other species, live within the Antarctic continent.

They also inhabit several surrounding coastal islands. These guys spend most of the winter offshore in the seas that surround the Antarctic pack ice. They enjoy eating smaller aquatic creatures. Some of their favorite foods are squid and shrimp-like krill.

King Penguins

Despite the name, these guys aren’t actually kings, but they’re interesting birds to know about. On any given day, the typical diet for a king penguin might consist of fish and squids. Since they’re carnivorous animals, they love to eat lantern fish.

You can find these animals eating a variety of fish, crustaceans and krill. They love to forage in ice-free waters and can travel as far as 900 feet underwater. They’re master swimmers and use their vision to hunt.

These penguins catch and eat lantern fish because of the bioluminescence or light produced by the fish, which makes them somewhat easier to catch. The king penguin uses its bill to catch prey and can weigh up to 35 pounds.

Rockhopper Penguins

These guys will eat several types of small crustaceans and krill. These are the two main components of their diet. Some common items on the food menu for these animals are shrimp, crayfish, lobsters and crabs.

They’ve also been known to hunt larger organisms, such as myctophid fish and squid. Rock hoppers tend to eat more krill than fish, and their diet can change with the seasons and migration.

Macaroni Penguin

With a name that makes you think of macaroni and cheese, these penguins can be very interesting to learn about. Since they’re like most other penguin species, they’re classified as carnivorous animals. All of the food that these guys consume can be found in the water surrounding their natural environment.

During the cold winter months, these animals spend up to six months hunting krill, crustaceans, squid and fish. They use their long beak to catch prey.